Common Name: Mandarin
Scientific Name: Citrus reticulata
Origin: China, Far East, Americas, southern Africa and Australia
Synonyms: Citrus nobilis var. deliciosa
Essential Oil Properties and Characteristics
Mandarin essential oil is orange-brown to dark-yellowish-brown or olive-brown in colour. It is a mobile liquid with an intensely sweet, not necessarily fresh odour, with a fishy like top note. The odour is due to the presence of methyl-N-methyl-anthranilate.
Origin and History
Mandarin is a small evergreen tree growing up to 4 metres in height, with a single trunk and many rather thin drooping branches which are either spined or spineless.
Mandarin is normally divided into four groups, each suited to other countries of the Far East where it is extensively grown for domestic purposes. It was first introduced in the eighteenth century into Europe. It was commercially cultivated in southern Europe and North Africa before being introduced to the Americas, southern Africa and Australia.
Mandarin is extensively used in flavours, where it gives interesting modifications with sweet and bitter orange oils, grapefruit and lime oil in flavour compositions for soft drinks, candy and liqueurs.
Method of Extraction
Mandarin essential oil is expressed from the fruit rind of Citrus reticulata.
Precautions During Use (Contraindications)
Mandarin essential oil is non-toxic, non-irritating and non-sensitising.
Mandarin essential oil is a soothing, cheering and a gentle essential oil. It has uplifting and balancing qualities and is emotionally comforting. Mandarin essential oil is useful in body skincare blends especially for softening stretch marks.
Mandarin essential oil blends well with orange, grapefruit, petitgrain, lemon, bergamot, lime, lemongrass, neroli, lavender, cinnamon, patchouli, sandalwood, frankincense, black pepper, basil, cedarwood, jasmine, clary sage, geranium, vetiver, ylang ylang and chamomile.
Source: Battaglia, S. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy, Second Edition, The International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, 2003, ISBN 0-6464-2896-9 and Lawless, J. The Encyclopaedia of Essential Oils, ISBN 0-00-714518-7.